Altitude and hypoxic environment training has been used for many years by athletes across many sports to improve performance. The lower oxygen concentration in an altitude environment causes the body to be more ef cient at using fuel and oxygen, and triggers a variety of physiological responses and changes in your body at a number of levels that improve metabolic ef ciency.

Hypoxic training sessions can give you a great workout with much less stress onyourbody,orenhancetheeffectivenessofanyworkout youdoand make your exercise more time ef cient. Clients with limited exercise tolerance (e.g. can only walk) get more value from altitude training.

Hypoxic training enhances and accelerates the positive outcomes of exercise on:

• FatLoss,reducedappetiteandincreasedleptinhormonelevels
• Diabetesmanagement/preventionandinsulin/glucosesensitivity • Osteoporosisandbonedensity
• Aerobicenduranceandenergylevels
• Anaerobic tnessandlacticacidtolerance
• Anaemia,duetoincreasedEPO,redbloodcellsandhaemoglobin • Testosteroneandgrowthhormone
• Hypertrophy(leanbodymass)andstrengthtrainingoutcomes
• Cardiacsurgeryrehabilitation
• Insomnia,serotoninandendorphins

Other potential bene ts include:

  • Improveddexterity,co-ordinationandcognitivedecisionmakingunder stress and when fatigued.
  • Excitesneuralplasticityandfacilitatespositivere-wiringofthebrainand central nervous system.
  • Enhancedcollagenproduction,withimprovementsinwoundhealing, beauty treatment outcomes and skin elasticity.Altitude training technology is currently used extensively by:
  • TheAustralianInstituteofSportandmanyotherworldclassinstitutesof sports.
  • ManyprofessionalsportsteamssuchasCollingwood,Lions,StKilda,Crows, Suns, Storm,Titans, South Sydney,Tigers and the Bulldogs.
  • Elitesportspeople(includinggolfersandformulaonedrivers)seekingto improve co-ordination and performance under stress.
  • Leading edge executives to enhance their performance, decision making, negotiating and cognitive abilities in stressful and demanding situations.
  • Hospitalsandbeautyclinicstooptimisetheoutcomefortheirpatientsandclients.Training in a hypoxic environment will potentially help you go faster and further, react quicker, think sharper, feel stronger and more focused. Take training to new heights and JOIN THE EVOLUTION.
The air we breathe is a mixute of gasses, predominantly Nitrogen (78%) and Oxygen (20.9%). Although the percentages stay the same at high altitudes, lower atmoshperic pressure creates “thin-air.”

When your body is exposed to “thin air,” it compensates for reduced oxygen levels by increasing the bloods oxygen-carrying capacity, as well as its ability to use that oxygen. Specifically, your body reacts to the thin air at high altitude by:

Increasing natural hormone erythropoietin (EPO) production, which in turn increases red blood cell mass for delivering oxygen to muscle cells and converting it into energy.
Boosting total blood volume to move oxygen more efficiently through your bloodstream.
An increase in V02 max (the maximum amount of oxygen the body can convert to work) giving you more stamina for the long haul.
Cranking-up hematocrit levels to provide a greater percentage of cells carrying oxygen.
Elevating capillary volume, creating more blood pathways to muscle cells for improved muscle oxygenation.
Increasing the volume of mitochondria–the powerhouses in cells that help your body turn oxygen into energy.
Increasing the lungs’ ability to exchange gases efficiently – so that every breath you take more oxygen gets into the bloodstream.
These changes result in greater aerobic capacity (VO2 max), anaerobic capacity (the body’s ability for explosive performance) and improved endurance – meaning faster speeds at a given exertion level.

Studies have shown that athletes who spend an average of eight hours a day at high altitude will experience the same physiological changes as those who spend all their time at thigh altitude. It typically takes at least three weeks for your body to acclimate to high altitude, although improvements will continue for six months or more.

HOW MANY SESSIONS WILL IT TAKE BEFORE I SEE IMPROVEMENT?

Most people see significant improvements in as little as two sessions per week of as little 20min duration. Early improvements show themselves through an increased ability to breath more efficiently picking up more available oxygen for each breath taken. Following on from there (although initially maybe not faster) your old top speed or effort of activity will feel more manageable.
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF AIR WE LIVE IN AT SEA LEVEL COMPARED TO WHAT I WILL EXPERIENCE TRAINING AT THE ALTITUDE CENTRE?

At sea level you are breathing 20.9% oxygen. The machines at the altitude training centre can go as low as 10% oxygen or equivalent to 20.000 ft./6000 m. Seldom do we go as low as 10% and only in cases where someone is extremely experienced and well adapted. Although a very individual thing, best results can be found around the 3000-3750m mark, i.e. 14.5%-13.5% oxygen.
DO MANY CLIMBERS COME INTO THE ALTITUDE CENTRE IN PREPARATION FOR TRIPS TO KILIMANJARO AND OTHER POPULAR TREKKING DESTINATIONS?

Yes, to date we have a 100% success rate for clients coming in for acclimatisation sessions who have gone on and climbed Kilimanjaro and other popular climbs. The centre offers both passive and active sessions. Many report a high level of confidence prior to leaving for their trips knowing they have done everything possible to prepare for a successful outcome.
WHY SHOULD I DO ALTITUDE TRAINING?

Regardless of what intensity you are at you can expect up to 20-25% more cardiovascular loading at 3000m2 and 33% more cardiovascular loading at 3750m2, for the same effort as training at sea level. Altitude training is a well-researched and recognised way of boosting one’s performance as oxygen delivery and uptake to working muscles is the limiting factor in sports performance. In other words, when you remove oxygen from working muscles while training they learn to become and use oxygen more efficiently on return to sea level.
IS ALTITUDE TRAINING LEGAL?

Yes, altitude training is legal for all sports. The World Anti-Doping Agency has declared that altitude training is legal after looking at all relevant issues declaring it to be fair with the reasoning that it levels the playing field for those not able to train and live at elevated locations.
WHAT DIFFERENCE IS THERE BETWEEN REAL AND SIMULATED ALTITUDE TRAINING WHEN USING A MACHINE?

Living and training at high altitude has many benefits, though one of the key advantages with Simulated Altitude Training is, that whilst you receive the same benefits, you have the added advantage of immediately being able to do a high intensity workout at sea level.